Thanks to the technological advancements these days. Nowadays, most people know how to surf the internet and what are websites and blogs. But still, there are newbies or those who are not that tech-savvy person who yet doesn’t have a clear idea on how to create a website from scratch for business or self.
Let’s go ahead and check some backend and front-end components required to create a website and necessary items to get your blog on the internet.
A complete website comprises of many components like domain name, Web Hosting, SSL Certificate, etc. So Let’s check all the elements in detail to know how to Create your Website or Blog.
Components Required To Create A Website On Backend
These are the backend elements that customers wouldn’t see that much because it would be in your control and function at the back end. The access may also be minimal until your staff members only. The Basic Backend Components to Create a Website is as follows:
- Domain Name
- Web Hosting
- SSL Certificate
- Content Management System
Getting a domain is a 1st and foremost step for getting your website live on the internet. In short, we can put it as – The domain name is the name of your website, or the domain name is the address to your blog.
People type this domain name in the browser URL bar to visit your website or blog. A domain name is a Unique Name. For example:- “learnwptutorials.com” or is the domain name for this website.
To know more about domains, how do the domain names work, and How to choose a domain name, you can check the article here – How to choose a domain name for your website.
Also, you can check whether your domain is available or not from the Website – DomainKharido.com. Also, you can purchase and keep for the future so that you may not lose.
Reliable Web Hosting – To Host Your Website
Web Hosting is the server or a hard disk, where all the contents and files of your website are stored live for everyone to access it 24 x 7. When you purchase a hosting web service from hosting companies, you rent some space on a server. On which you can store all the files and data necessary for your website to work correctly.
When you decide to start a new website or blog, you need to find a hosting company that provides you with the server space. You need to choose a hosting plan that best fits your needs and purchase it. You can choose from any hosting like – Shared Hosting, Cloud Hosting, VPS(Virtual Private Server), Dedicated server, etc..
Always ask for a separate cPanel or Plesk Panel Access from your web developer, agency, or hosting provider. By having a separate cPanel or Plesk Panel, you can have complete control over your website while developing it.
To know more about Web Hosting, What are the Different Types of Hosting, Major Features, and Where to Buy, then you can check the upcoming article here – How to Choose Web Hosting for Your Website.
SSL Certificate (Secure Socket Layer)
SSL Certificate is very crucial for your website. It is essential, especially if you are going to have eCommerce or accept payments on your site. Recently Google has also released a statement where every website/blog should install the SSL certificate in the rankings and position in search engines. On Installation, the Green Pad or Green Lock will be visible on top next to the URL of the blog or Website.
By putting a few security codes in the hosting panel, you can install SSL on your website. If you visit a Website or Web Page and look at the address bar in the Web Browser, it is likely, to begin with, the following: “Http” or “Https.”
The “Http” stands for “HyperText Transfer Protocol “ The “s” (big surprise) stands for “Secure. “ If you have installed the SSL Certificate on your website, then your URL will start with “https.”
On the address bar of your browser, you can see a green lock icon, click on it, and it will show you a message saying – “Connection is secure. Your information (for example – Password, Credit/Debit Card Numbers) is private when it is sent to this site “. Check the Padlock in front of the URL and check the message you get on the website you are.
Content Management System (CMS)
A Content Management System is a tool that helps to build websites or blogs. In CMS, there is no need to write all code from zero. You can still build or create a website even if you don’t know how to code at all. Thanks to day by day technological developments.
Without a CMS, you would need to write a code in a static HTML file and upload it to your server (it sounds complicated, right?).
With a CMS, you can write your content in a tool or an interface that looks similar to Microsoft Word or Notepad.
There are a lot of CMS’s available like
- Magento (For E-Commerce stores)
- Wix etc.
You can check our article – What is WordPress? 8 Quick Benefits for Every Beginners & Newbies to know more about it.
Through your CMS, you can set many other things needed for a start like
- Create pages on your websites
- Add posts to your blog section
- Integrate Analytics
- Basic & Advanced SEO things
- Create a sitemap
- Take Backup of website
- Social sharing features, etc.
Components Required To Create A Website On Front End
These are the front-end elements that customers would see at first. Depending on these components, the customer would be creating a perception of you and your business. Anyone who has visited your website can see all these components. The Basic Front-end Components of your Website is as follows:
- Website Design / Structure
- Responsiveness & Compatibility
- Content Writing
- Graphics & Media
- Store Framework (For eCommerce Stores)
Website Design / Structure
Website Design is the appearance or the looks of your website. The first thing to choose is the layout, whether your site is a box-width or full-width layout etc. The colour combinations, fonts of headings, paragraph, header & footer looks are critical in order to create a website perfectly.
When you visit a site, and if you see some elements or features missing or if the site layout is not proper, you tend to move out of the website. Navigating the customers and arranging a flow for the visitors is very important. Otherwise, the customer may get angry and leave your website page.
Responsiveness & Compatibility
Your site should be easy to read and compatible with all types of screens like Desktop, Tablet, or Mobile. Nowadays, the majority of website visitors are through mobile devices because of the increase in smartphones. So your blog or website should be compatible with all screens. Having a mobile-friendly compatible page also helps in the Google ranking as it’s one of the factors which google is concentrating on these days.
Your site should be easy to read and compatible with all types of screens like Desktop, Tablet, or Mobile. Nowadays, the majority of the website visitors are through mobile devices because of the increase in smartphones. So your blog or website should be compatible with all screens. Having a mobile-friendly compatible page also helps in the Google ranking as its one of the factors which google is concentrating on these days.
Graphics & Media
Logo Designing is the foremost step for your website or blog, which comes under Graphics Designing. It is not directly a part of Web Development. But can be considered in the components of the Website Development.
Graphic Designers usually design logos. They design logos in CoralDraw or Photoshop-like kind of software. There are several free online tools like Canva or Crello, which can help you create a logo for your website or blog.
Quick Offer for you guys: Try Canva Pro for Free.
As it says, “A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words.” Similarly, The images used on the website have massive importance, especially for all pictures of the blog articles explaining the topics. The images of services or products is again a must for e-commerce stores. Once the Graphics are ready, compress, and optimize them to look good and load faster on your website.
E-Commerce Framework (For Shopping Websites)
A shopping cart or E-Commerce Framework is an essential element when you have your products or services to sell at your website/blog. The primary but essential needed functions/features visible at most e-commerce stores are the shop page, cart, checkout page, payment page, etc. In WordPress CMS, you can use Woocommerce to create an e-commerce framework. Payment Gateways are the next thing required to make the final payment of your product or service. In India, you can get a payment gateway from significant payment gateway providers like PayPal, CCAvenue, Instamojo, Razorpay, Payumoney, etc.
Signing Up of Payment Gateway is as simple as opening a bank account. The only difference for payment gateway is that it will happen online without visiting any bank or office. We Recommend you to go ahead and sign up with at least one of the below.
To conclude briefly, the above is necessary, practical and vital components required to create a website or blog for yourself or to create a website for business. The above list contains all the Backend and Front End Components needed to create a website or blog.
In the next article, we will get deeper and cover in-depth article on each topic covered above and their sub-topics which is a necessity for every beginner.
Also to learn more about top WordPress tools useful for the website designers and developers that we recommend while you create a website, check our page – Best WordPress Tools.
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